...

110217 rel adi_ponti

by centro-per-linnovazione-e-la-sperimentazione-educativa-milano-cisem

on

Report

Category:

Design

Download: 0

Comment: 0

13,662

views

Comments

Description

 
Download 110217 rel adi_ponti

Transcript

  • 1. Il dito e la luna Puntiamo lo sguardo sulle competenze: nuovi tempi, spazi e modi di fare scuola Seminario internazionale Bologna 25-26 febbraio 2011 - Bologna ESEMPI DI NUOVA ARCHITETTURA EDUCATIVA iLe by Giorgio Ponti architect Coordinator of Educational Architecture Area of Cisem (Italy), GoP CELE / OECD / OCSE(Centre for Effective Learning Environments / Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Paris (France) with collaboration of F. Nidasio, R. Serlenga, P. Tettamanzi, C. Negri, D. Mannu architects Graphics by Biancamaria Maldotti architect 1
  • 2. Esempi recenti di architettura educativaDandenong High School, Dandenong, Victoria, Australia 2Architect: Hayball Giorgio Ponti architect 2
  • 3. Esempi recenti di architettura educativaDandenong High School, Dandenong, Victoria, Australia 3Architect: Hayball Giorgio Ponti architect 3
  • 4. Esempi recenti di architettura educativaModern Education and Training Institute, Bangladesh 4Architect: Anna Heringer, Eike Roswag Giorgio Ponti architect 4
  • 5. Esempi recenti di architettura educativaModern Education and Training Institute, Bangladesh 5Architect: Anna Heringer, Eike Roswag Giorgio Ponti architect 5
  • 6. Esempi recenti di architettura educativaWater Hall Primary School, Milton Keynes, UK 6Architect: Architecture MK Giorgio Ponti architect 6
  • 7. Esempi recenti di architettura educativa Traditional classrooms Tematics areas and use from community Vertical section with the floors useSwitzerland - Ecole du Petit-Lancy, Primary, by Chevalley 7Russbach architects Giorgio Ponti architect 7
  • 8. Esempi recenti di architettura educativaThe building is constructed from concrete and the roof over the main corridor is constructed from laminated wood. The classrooms are clad with unpainted, galvanised, corrugated iron sheeting. The curved wall that is built across the main corridor is clad with korten steel. The sails in the assembly hall are also clad korten steel. The low wall that faces the garden is a turf covered, dry-stone wall that softens the southern aspect and demonstrates tradition Icelandic building techniques to the childrenIceland – Víkurskóli 8 Giorgio Ponti architect 8
  • 9. Esempi recenti di architettura educativaThis school was built to minimise energy use, for example through passive solar gain and super insulation with at least 200 mm of insulation throughout. The insulation used is part made from recycled glass.The school is built with a timber frame, which was sourced from Scandinavia and came with the Pan European Forest Certification label (PEFC).UK - Kingsmead primary school 9Craig White architect Giorgio Ponti architect 9
  • 10. Esempi recenti di architettura educativaClassrooms of the Future – Department for education 10 andskills, UK Giorgio Ponti architect 10
  • 11. Esempi recenti di architettura educativaClassrooms of the Future – Department for education 11 andskills, UK Giorgio Ponti architect 11
  • 12. Esempi recenti di architettura educativaClassrooms of the Future – Department for education 12 andskills, UK Giorgio Ponti architect 12
  • 13. Esempi recenti di architettura educativaIkeda Elementary School, Japan 13 Giorgio Ponti architect 13
  • 14. Esempi recenti di architettura educativaThe Matauranga School, Auckland, New Zealand 14 Giorgio Ponti architect 14
  • 15. Esempi recenti di architettura educativaScotch College - Science and Technology Centre, Australia 15Taylor Robinson Architects Giorgio Ponti architect 15
  • 16. Esempi recenti di architettura educativa Science Labs with alternative room layoutsGLA’s with bi-fold and sliding doorsFirst Floor - Science Labs and FlexibleGLA’sScotch College - Science and Technology Centre, Australia 16Taylor Robinson Architects Giorgio Ponti architect 16
  • 17. Esempio meno recente di architettura educativa Giorgio Ponti architect 17One of the first students to be educated by the King’s school was William Shakespeare (1564 – 1616)Presently, the school has more than 400 students and teaches acting, swimming and technological subjects.It could be difficult to predict the future of the school, but, from the evidence of the past, it seems certain that it will continue to confront and satisfy modern needs.How is it possible?I think the secret is obviously the architecture features:• Inspirational (not institutional character, intersting, stimulating, architecture as a third educator);• Symbolic (the story, the traditions, the Shakespeare’s legend)The whole of these features generates respect of architecture, of spaces up to make acceptable even the evident limits.England – King’s school, Stratford-upon-Avon - School 17building from the 1400s where William Shakespeare studied
  • 18. Cosa hanno in comune tutte queste architetture? Come CISEM e OECD / OCSE CELE abbiamo analizzato con attenzione le esperienze a livello internazionale ottenendo degli indicatori (principles), che abbiamo definito di “qualità” degli spazi educativi”Il CISEM (Centro per l’Innovazione e laSperimentazione Educativa Milano) è l’Istituto diricerca della Provincia di Milano, dell’UnioneProvince Italiane e dialtri Enti.Il CISEM è Associate Member del CELE OECD /OCSE Parigi (www.cisem.it) Giorgio Ponti architect 18
  • 19. The “Educational Intelligent Facilities” CISEM Project (EIF)Il progetto è strutturato su 5 Principles di 19 Giorgio Ponti architectbase (Definibili anche come Macro Index),condivisi dall’ OECD / OCSE:1) Functionality, flexibility and multi- purpose / Efficienza degli spazi, flessibilità e multifunzionalità;2) Symbolic, visually pleasing and offers learning opportunities / Simbolismo, estetica, architettura come terzo educatore, nuove opportunità educative; Intelligent Infant and primary School, Milan,3) Quality of design and layout, new Italy 2005 - 2010, 1.800 sm, 120 pupils by Ettore technologies and domotic / Qualità Zambelli, Emilio Pizzi, Giorgio Ponti and others, del progetto e delle procedure, nuove Department BEST, University Politecnico of tecnologie e domotica; Milan Eurosolar Prize 20064) Healthy and safe / Sicurezza e Disaster Management;5) Environmentally sustainable / Sostenibilità ambientale
  • 20. Esistono esempi di architetture educative intelligenti?Closing of Multimediaexternal blackboard andopenings computer connectedwith with internetautomatic Dividing mobileinput of elementdomotic (removable) forVertical flexibility andsheath with versatility ofall necessary space, withfacilities that surface made ofcan ensure cork (natural,the flexibility biodegradable,plant without acousticany floating insulation andfloor Full support for the spectrum posting of sheets, solar light posters, etc.). Plant network Closet, passage, possible water intake, placed under the toilets, internal staircases, storage, etc. floating floor or in with curved sliding doors to reduce the Horizontal grids for natural the ceiling, in case encumbrance and increase security ventilation of the rooms of floor fixed Studies on “ Flexible Learning Module” (FLM) (Cisem) Giorgio Ponti architect 20
  • 21. Esistono esempi di architetture educative intelligenti? Example of use as a room of hospital Multi – functional bar for electrical system, lights, oxigen, computer lan, domotics tool, etc.As for the multi – purpose capability it is important underline as the basic module adopted can turn itself quickly in a different functional space: for instance as residence, hostel, temporary hospital, refuge during the natural collapse, etc. Example of use as a room of Mobile element (removable) residence, hostel Giorgio Ponti architectAs for the multi – purpose capability it is important to underline as the basic moduleadopted (FLM) can turn itself quickly in a different functional space: for instanceresidence, hostel, temporary hospital, refuge during the natural collapse, etc. 21
  • 22. The “Educational Intelligent Facilities” CISEM Project (EIF) Lavagna/computer Servizi multimediale Connettivo Computer Integrated Building Un “modulo didattico flessibile” ( FLM per 25 / 30 utenti) è stato sperimentato,per la prima volta, dal Cisem alla Expo dell’Educazione e del Lavoro, Milano 2004 Giorgio Ponti architect 22
  • 23. Giorgio Ponti architect 23Nel 2004 la Provincia di Varese approva il progetto preliminare del nuovo IstitutoProfessionale Falcone, da ubicarsi sulle aree del vecchio cotonificio Cantoni, nelcentro di Gallarate (Va): chiedendo espressamente che il riferimento sia ai principidi EIF del CISEM e dell’OCSE (By Giorgio Ponti architect and Team Cisem)
  • 24. B ) Old building restored A ) New building restored with with learning spaces , learning spaces , management, labs, hall, auditorium restorant, gymnasiumNel 2005 inizia la progettazione definitiva ed esecutiva con Studio Amati, (Roma)Giorgio Ponti, Ettore Zambelli, Carlo Guenzi, Consorzio Leonardo, Tecnarc, 24Erre.VI.A, Valentina Lutrario, Cisem Team ed altri Giorgio Ponti architect 24
  • 25. La grande hall centrale del Corpo B ristrutturato, con una elevata qualitàestetica e compositiva richiama alla hall di un albergo e di un grande spazio 25di socializzazione aperto alla comunità Giorgio Ponti architect 25
  • 26. Second floor Ground floor First floor Roof Flexible Flexible Learning Learning Module Module Spiral Spiral stairs stairs Spiral stairs Labs Existing Existing faces Labs Existing faces 1795 old faces Existing old 1795 faces 1795 old 1795 oldQuesta diapositiva mette in risalto alcuni elementi tipici degli input EIF,realizzati nel nuovo Istituto Falcone Giorgio Ponti architect 26
  • 27. L’elevatissima dotazione di laboratori speciali e tematici, la flessibilità deglispazi, la totale rotazione degli alunni sulle aree tematiche (consentitadall’area lockers al piano terra del corpo B), rendono la struttura didattica 27dell’Istituto all’avanguardia nel mondo Giorgio Ponti architect 27
  • 28. La scuola primaria intelligentewind tower Example of di Solaro (Mi) - 2011 chimney) for (Solar natural ventilation Psychomotor activity and greenhouse TimberThis project is the result of a joint venture between the Solaro Municipality, CISEM and theUniversity Politecnico di Milano, whose Department of Building Environment architect and Giorgio Ponti ScienceTechnology (BEST) was responsible for the design (Giorgio Ponti and Ettore Zambelliarchitects, Cisem Team and others) Eurosolar Prize 2006 28 Giorgio Ponti architect 28 Giorgio Ponti architect 28
  • 29. La scuola primaria intelligentewind tower Example of di Solaro (Mi) - 2011 chimney) for (Solar natural ventilation Giorgio Ponti architect 29
  • 30. Alcuni obiettivi tecnici raggiunti: • Una totale flessibilità e multifunzionalità; • Un’architettura “educativa” con forti simbolismi; • Bioarchitettura ed ecocompatibilità delle tecnologie adottate; • Un fabbisogno energetico di circa 20 Kwh/mq/anno (Classe energetica A, < 30 Kwh/mq/anno), quindi bassissimi consumi; • Zero Carbon and pollution - Riscaldamento invernale e raffrescamento estivo con dueFoto del cantiere pompe di calore (Nessuna caldaia e quindi niente inquinanti atmosferici!). • Acqua sanitaria con pannelli solari ed energia elettrica alle pompe con il fotovoltaico (Fino a 120 mq); • Areazione naturale con camini solari; • Bolle climatiche flessibili in tutti gli ambienti; • Massima sicurezza e disaster management • Un costo di costruzione contenuto in circa Giorgio Ponti architect 30 1.100 €/mq. (10% in meno della media!)
  • 31. Un’altra esperienza progettuale in corso (2010) con i principles EIF, sicuramenteuna delle più avanzate nel settore dell’Higher Education, è quella del nuovocampus universitario UACJ di Ciudad Juarez (Chihuahua, Mexico): dichiaratoprogetto pilota CELE / OCSE, per la verifica degli standard di qualitànell’architettura educativa universitaria. La capienza delle strutture sarà di 40.000Studenti circa e l’area del campus si estende su circa 3 milioni di mq. Rodolfo Almeida, Jaime De La Garza, Giorgio Ponti architects Giorgio Ponti architect 31
  • 32. INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR FOR POST - EARTHQUAKE RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION IN SICHUAN’S YINGXIU TOWN 7th to 9th April 2009 Chengdu, Sichuan (China)The international experienceson the Educational Intelligent Facilities By Giorgio Ponti architect 国际智能教育设施 Giorgio Ponti architect 32
  • 33. Nuova architettura educativa Example of wind tower ecocompatibile in Cina chimney) for natural (Solar ventilationDazu Eco-School, Villaggio Dazu, Lago Lugu, Yan Yuan, provincia di Sichuan,Repubblica popolare cineseARCHITETTI JINGXIANG ZHU , ARCHITETTI TAM NELSON Giorgio Ponti architect 33
  • 34. 2011 – Gli studi CISEM più recentiwind tower Example of su un “Settore educativo flessibile” for natural (Solar chimney) ventilation Multipurpose little space (MLS)150 (Closet, passage toilet, little stairs, wind tower, etc) 3.14 smstudents C L L L C C C CFloors in linoleum Mobile partition without(natural, plants inside for spacebiodegradable, flexibility. Faces in corkacoustic insulating (natural, biodegradable,and with a large acoustic insulating andcolor palette) support sheets)Recent studies on “ Flexible Learning Sector ” (FLS) (Cisem) based on FLM(Solution 1): traditional, 5 classrooms (frontal lesson) (C) and 3 labs (L) Giorgio Ponti architect 34
  • 35. 2011 – Gli studi CISEM più recenti su un Example of wind tower “Settore educativo flessibile” for (Solar chimney) natural ventilation Doble slides doors for200 the flexibilities inputsstudents C C Lift / Elevator G G GSpace for smallgroup and for Cylinder for naturaloperative activity ventilation and lighting (solar G G G G chimney) It work also through the air systems in the corridor false ceilingRecent studies on “ Flexible Learning Sector ” (FLS) (Cisem) Ponti architect FLM Giorgio based on(Solution 2): groups, 2 classrooms (frontal lesson) (C) and 9 groups (G) Giorgio Ponti architect 35
  • 36. 2011 – Gli studi CISEM più recenti su un Example of wind tower “Settore educativo flessibile” for (Solar chimney) natural ventilation250 60% students morestudents than solution 1 (traditional classrooms)Teachers toilet students toilet Possible solution with little stairs for the vertical flexibilityRecent studies on “ Flexible Learning Sector ” (FLS) (Cisem) Ponti architect FLM Giorgio based on(Solution 3): 8 thematics areas, (T) 36 Giorgio Ponti architect 36
  • 37. 2011 – Gli studi CISEM più recenti andun 3. Space saving and quality by flexibility su tower by Example of wind “Settore educativo flessibile” new pedagogical and educational chimney) for (Solar inputs natural ventilation Double skinned face for300 natural ventilation or solar chimney or solar cooling according to thestudents orientation of the building. .Vertical sheathwith allnecessaryfacilities thatcan ensure the Stairs with doubleflexibility plants ventilated skin bywithout any glassfloating floorRecent studies on “ Flexible Learning Sector ” (FLS) (Cisem) Ponti architect FLM Giorgio based on(Solution 4): open space 37 Giorgio Ponti architect 37
  • 38. 2011 – Gli studi CISEM più recenti su un Example of wind tower “Settore educativo flessibile” for (Solar chimney) natural ventilation Open space Thematics areas Groups TraditionalPerspective of “ Flexible Learning Sector ” (FLS) (Cisem) with the differentsolutions showed before Giorgio Ponti architect 38
  • 39. Per concludere è sufficiente una frase di ungrande statista ed uomo di cultura (PremioNobel per la letteratura nel 1953): “We shape the buildings and the buildings shape us” “Noi diamo forma agli edifici e gli edifici formano noi” Winston Churchill www.cisem.it www.giorgioponti.it Giorgio Ponti architect 39
Fly UP